Chime Design and Build

Biomass Briquetting Designs

Welcome: we provide open source designs for biomass briquetting applications along with chime design and build. Designs include parts list, notes, drawings and assembly instructions. Below are some recent articles covering a range of topics.

Amateur Radio Call Books 1906-1997


Museums of Greater Cincinnati New
Emergency Medical Data Sheet 911Ready, This 5 minute task could save your life! Become a Helpful Responder Not a Helpless Bystander
Tubular Bell Chimes DIY Compendium Biomass Briquette Micro Compound Lever Press National Voice of America Museum of Broadcasting
How to Build Wind Chimes - DIY Plans Biomass Briquette Mold Drawings and Assembly Compendium Radio Museums
Essential Steps to Better Home and Vehicle Safety Biomass Fuel Briquette Formulations from Around the World Best Practices for Talking over Two-Way Radio
How Time Balls Worked Featuring The Cincinnati Observatory World's Largest
Water Pumping Steam Engines
The Hieronymus Hoax:
Radionics, the Miraculous Pathoclast, and Deception"
Why a Dead Alkaline Battery Bounces Made In Ohio Steam Powered Machinery Index 30% Efficient  You or Nuclear
Why Headstones Are Arranged In Circles Big Iron Museums USA There's a Limelight Mystery Afoot!
Ship Shape Sharp Shop
Sharpen My Own Tools Sure!  
Obed Hussey and His Ohio Test of the First Successful Reaper Dodge's Institute of Telegraphy to Valparaiso Technical Institute
Lee's See & Do - Greater Cincinnati Lightning Safety Guidelines and Event Safety Plan  How To Throw A May Basket
Northwest Ohio Style

Knowledge I Didn't Know I Need To KnowEssential Steps to Better Home and Vehicle Safety 1.2 MB, PDF
By Leland L. Hite

For any homeowner ranging from the person who says, "I didn't know I needed to know that to the expert who occasionally wants a reminder."


Tubular Bell Chimes, Do-It-Yourself Compendium
By Leland L. Hite

Providing you with easy options for making good choices when designing and building tubular-bell wind chimes from tubes, pipes, or rods, is our number one goal.

Rather than building to a fixed set of plans, information on this site allows you to customize a chime set specific to your personality and style.




How to Build Wind Chimes - DIY Plans
By Leland L. Hite

A great sounding set of wind chimes can be built for about $15 to $40 depending on the chime set size you select. Choose from four height selections ranging from 36 to 75 inches (900-1900 mm). Add your creative touch by altering the material and style used for the top support disk, striker and wind sail.

Get additional plans and drawing here.






DIY Biomass Briquette Micro Compound Lever Press 2 MB, PDF
By Leland L. Hite

This small press is suggested for single-family use, classroom demonstrations, or a small village. Best used where a small footprint and easy to build press using hand tools are required. There are two versions, Brace or Notch.

Other press designs Here.



Biomass Briquette Mold Drawings and Assembly Compendium 6.2 MB, PDF
By Leland L. Hite

This is about Choices. Briquetting for any operation requires a biomass mold, whether its a small village, single family, or classroom operation. You have choices and there are no wrong or right, best or worst, good or bad molds for making biomass briquettes.

A variety of molds will work equally well and one type may be best suited for you depending on the availability of construction materials, tools, cost, skill level, and briquetting requirements. This document provides choices to consider when selecting a biomass mold design.

Molds for shaping biomass into round, square, sticks, cubes and chunks. Drilled, slotted, and split PVC molds along with slotted wood as an alternate to PVC. Two caulking gun presses, split plunger pistons and more.  Other DIY biomass designs Here.

Biomass Fuel Briquette Formulations from Around the World
By Richard Stanley at the
Legacy Foundation.

Richard is the foremost global expert on biomass briquetting and I encourage you to visit his website for a wealth of information on this subject.







Open Saturday and Sunday 1-4 PM beginning April 17, 2021
8700 Tylersville Road
West Chester, Ohio 45069

Lies, Spies and Secrets - Hidden History of Cincinnati Radio  1.7 MB PDF

When you find yourself in SW Ohio on a Saturday or Sunday,
be sure to stop in for a fascinating experience.

Six informative exhibits categories include the following:

VOA: Experience complete coverage of the VOA from the reason it began to it's large audience today and why. Newly opened is the large 250 KW Collins 821-A1 transmitter where you can walk through the final amplifier. Learn why the Volksempfger radio was responsible for Hitler's domination of Germany and about VOA's Special English.

Powel Crosley Exhibit: An extensive exhibit detailing many of Powel Crosley's products and inventions. Crosley made over a 100 different products, many of which are on display.


Wireless Timeline Evolution: An impressive wireless room exhibiting the history and implementation of wireless technology. Learn how the Ear Bud began.

Cincinnati's Media Heritage: An outstanding display of Cincinnati's Radio and TV Heritage  from the very beginning, including Larry Smith's Puppets.


Radio STEM Lab: Experience the Radio STEM Lab where you will learn about the very beginning of radio from the lodestone to AI Artificial Intelligence.


Gray History of Wireless: This exhibit is made up of over a thousand items. You will learn about the development of radio and of the earliest experiments by Marconi, Hertz, Faraday and others.



Other Radio Museums







Bits of Wireless History From Gray History
Of Wireless Collection located at the
National Voice of America Museum of Broadcasting.
By Jack Gray (G. J. Gray) 1969


Museums of Greater Cincinnati Directory, PDF

Auman Museum of Radio and Television Dover, Ohio

Antique Wireless Assn.  Bloomfield, NY

Early Television Museum, Hilliard, OH

Museum of Broadcast Communications, Chicago, IL

Modesto Radio Museum, Modesto, CA

Museum of Radio and Technology, Huntington, WV

Museum of Yesterday (mostly communications)

New England Wireless and Steam Museum

Phil's Old Radios Listing

Radio Museum

Radio Boulevard, Western Historic Radio Museum Virginia City, NV

Radios Past

Vintage Radio and Communications Museum of Connecticut

Vintage Technology Assn. Electronics Museum, Dayton, Ohio

Ohio Museums Alphabetically  1.2 MB, PDF

Ohio Museums  by County, 430 KB, PDF

Indiana Museums Alphabetical, 630 KB, PDF

Kentucky Museums by Region, 310 KB, PDF


Best Practices for Talking over Two-Way Radio
By Leland L. Hite, 5 MB, PDF
How to increase the accuracy of verbal communications when using two-way radios.

  How to Program a Two-Way Radio  .3 MB, PDF
  Using a *.csv file with the CHIRP Program
  By Leland L. Hite

2M- 70CM 300 Ohm Ladder Line (Twin lead) J-Pole emergency antenna .4 MB, PDF


From the USA, Engineers and Engines Magazine                                                        British version from the Old Glory Magazine

World's Largest
Water Pumping Steam Engines

By Leland L. Hite, 6 MB, PDF

From the organization Cincinnati Triple Steam based in Cincinnati, Ohio, Leland L. Hite tells of the extreme difficulties associated with the installation for a system of steam-powered  pumping engines of gigantic proportions on a capricious river that dictated its need.

Click the picture for either the American version published in Engineers and Engines Magazine  or the British version published in the Old Glory Magazine.


Cincinnati's Richard Miller Treatment Plant:
Setting the Foundations for the Future

By: Jeff Swertfeger, Lawrence Moster, Leland L. Hite, and Bruce L. Whitteberry, 10.5 MB, PDF

Very possibly no other department of the City of Cincinnati possesses a more interesting history than the Water Works: not only from its special record, but because it is more closely connected with the development of the city, and illustrates its progress to a better advantage.






Made In Ohio  Steam Powered Machinery Index (With pictures)
By Leland L. Hite, 9.7 MB, PDF

A linked Index, alphabetical and by city, for manufactures of steam engines and steam powered machinery made in Ohio.




Big Iron Museums USA 
By Leland L. Hite, 2 MB, PDF

A listing of Big Iron Museums in the USA that provide public tours for either walk-in or pre-scheduled tour guest.

Text Only Version Here.






"The Hieronymus Hoax:
Radionics, the Miraculous Pathoclast, and Deception"
By Leland L. Hite, 9.5 MB, PDF

 Becoming desperate for a solution to a medical condition can cause irrational people to embrace alternate medical solutions that others consider the work of quacksalvers. This investigation into the Pathoclast discovers a surprising answer for why people would endorse treatment from a device that doesn't work for a disease they don't have. Read how the hoax unravels.








Your Slip Is Showing by Kermit Schafer 1953Your Slip Is Showing
By Kermit Schafer,1953, 13 MB, PDF

How Time Balls Worked Featuring The Cincinnati Observatory
Birthplace of American Astronomy, 3.6 MB, PDF
By Leland L. Hite

Did your great-grandfather drop the ball again Perhaps he watched it drop

How time was decided in the Greater Cincinnati area before radio signals, telegraphy, or other electronic methods. Preserving our global heritage for signaling time, prior to modern electronic methods, were time balls, time guns and time flaps that synchronized with the local astronomical observatory. First dropped in 1829 at Portsmouth, England, they remain today an ornamental and educational attraction in many locations around the world.

Watch the video review  for over 200 Worldwide Time Balls.
                                  Time Signaling for Balls, Guns and Flaps


Why Headstones Are Arranged In Circles
By Leland L. Hite, 200 KB, PDF

The traditional configuration of facing the headstone along an eastwest axis and positioning the body with the head pointing west, thereby allowing the feet to see the rising sun, was not followed with this pattern; instead, the wheel pattern was used, but why


30% Efficient  You or Nuclear
By: Leland L. Hite, 42 KB, PDF

Are you more efficient at converting food into useful energy compared to the efficiency of a nuclear power plant converting nuclear fuel into useful energy Learn about many surprising energy efficiency issues.

Dodge's Institute to Valpo Tech 
By: Leland L. Hite, 3.3 MB, PDF

Dodges Institute of Telegraphy (DIT) began in December 1873 and became the
largest school of its kind in the Western Hemisphere. The institute evolved into
wireless telegraphy and courses in radio technology were added to the curriculum.

 In 1944, DIT was renamed Valparaiso Technical Institute (Valpo Tech or VTI). Rated among the top 10 such educational organizations in the world, Valpo Tech became the oldest electronic institute in the country. The school celebrated its final graduation on May 25, 1990, and closed its doors after the January 1991 graduation, sponsored by the Valpo Tech Alumni Association.

As a quarter century has passed since the last VTI commencement ceremony, I present this article in honor of all DIT and VTI graduates on this Memorial Day, May 25, 2015.     Timeline Jack Gray



There is a Limelight Mystery Afoot!
By: Leland L. Hite,
2.6 MB, PDF

Used at the Cincinnati Water Works
Everything to do with lime
Nothing to do with water
In public with a female nude
Thrives on hydrogen and oxygen
WHAT IS IT and how was this device used

A long time passed before we finally solved this mystery, We no longer have the device but we do have pictures taken in 1902. You can read the fascinating story surrounding the mystery and how the identity for the unknown device was discovered. 

Why a Dead Alkaline Battery Bounces
YouTube Video
By Leland L. Hite

This test works equally well for AA, AAA, C, D and 9 Volt alkaline batteries.


How To Throw A May Basket Northwest Ohio Style
By: Leland L. Hite, 200 KB, PDF

If your goal was to meet that special girl or guy, you would throw a May Basket on the apple of your eye. When you wanted to gather a group of friends for a party, you might throw a May Basket. Often, you wanted to recognize that special person for doing well, and throwing a May Basket was an appropriate recognition.

Lightning Safety Guidelines and Event Safety Plan 
By: Leland L. Hite, 80 KB, PDF
If you can see lightning or hear thunder, you are in danger!

While your chance of being struck by lightning in your lifetime is estimated at 1 in 5,000, it is much better than winning the lottery. Participating in high-risk outdoor activities when lightning approaches can increase your odds of a lightning experience. You can significantly reduce your risk by practicing these guidelines.

These guidelines are from classroom handouts provided during continuing education credit classes for lighting safety, by Electrical Engineer, Leland L. Hite.


YES: it's okay to ask your outdoor event planners about their event safety plan for lightning.

ASK: The Coach, The Referee, The Umpire, The Administrators, The Parents, The Event Planner, or the Sponsor.

Obed Hussey and His Ohio Test of the First Successful Reaper
By Robert T. Rhode and Leland Hite, 40 MB, PDF

See the Lane water conveyance system model in Interactive-3D by downloading the file Water Conveyance System 3D-PDF.pdf and view in Adobe Reader.
Must download and view using Adobe Reader, not in your browser.

Our scholarly work breaks new ground on an event that was of tremendous importance to the world: the testing of the first successful reaping machine, which revolutionized agriculture globally in the nineteenth century and started farming down the path toward industrialization. That test, with its far-reaching consequences, took place near Mt. Healthy, Ohio, in 1835. Even though books and articles from the 1800s and early 1900s noted the achievement, it has been largely overlooked in our time, and it has never been fully researched and described. Bob and I made it our mission to investigate the matter thoroughly. Over the past year, we discovered many surprising facts that had been forgotten or that had never been brought to light.

This article was originally published in the October-November 2014 edition of Engineers and. Engines Magazine, and posted here with permission from the publisher.


Inventor of the Reaper, Obed Hussey, Ohio Historical Marker, Dedicated September 9, 2017





Quick, who built the first successful reaper






The First Cable Suspension Bridge Built in Ohio
By Robert T. Rhode and Leland Hite, 5.6 MB, PDF

On the 12th of December (2014), Leland Hite and Robert T. Rhode, acting on behalf of the Mt. Healthy Historical Society, recovered the last remaining component of the first cable suspension bridge built in Ohio. The 167-year-old iron tripod was one of four that had supported the cables of the 42′ bridge crossing the West Branch of Mill Creek near Mt. Healthy. Built in 1847, the footbridge on the Lane family farm was the brainchild of William Lane, brother of Clark Lane, the noted industrialist whose company of Owens, Lane and Dyer manufactured steam engines and sawmills in Hamilton, Ohio. The ingenious bridge was one of the first suspension bridges in the United States.

From The Ship Shape Sharp Shop, by Ersal Kindelv
Berea College Symposiums
May and June, 1985

Said by Ersal Kindel: "A Sharp Tool Is A Safe Tool, has been said many times and I say it again. Not only that but there is joy in using a sharp tool. There is a lot of satisfaction in making smooth clean cuts in a piece of wood, but---this is nearly impossible if the cutting edge is not sharp. So, let's see how we can get and hold a sharp edge. I'll show you one way − the way I do it."


Lee's See & Do List - Greater Cincinnati
340 KB, PDF

By Leland L. Hite

Arts and Theater - Golf Courses - Hobbies - Festivals - Museums - Tours, Music and Sports




About me: I am a retired electronics engineer with a passion for investigating technical issues, occasionally surrounded with mystery and  often bridging several fields of technology. Contact me here

Unofficial archives for the GE Aircraft Nuclear Program ANP (1950s).

Also available: Wauseon High School Class of 1960 and Pike Township School    Wx Here   DarkSky   PPP


Leland L. Hite (Lee) K8CLI
All Rights Reserved